What is the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis?

Arthritis means joint inflammation while osteoarthritis means joint wear. There are many types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects the cartilage, the subchondral bone and the synovial membrane (synovitis) that can often appear with inflammation and may increase with age.

Is osteoarthritis hereditary?

There is a genetic predisposition to suffering from osteoarthritis in some cases. For example, in osteoarthritis that affects the fingers of the hands, there is a specific genetic anomaly that particularly affects women. With the exception of these cases, genetic inheritance is a factor that should not be feared too much.

Does osteoarthritis develop in the same way in everyone?

No, there is no common guideline for all patients and applicable to everything. Each person is different. In some people, the disease develops faster or its symptoms are more important than in others.

Is osteoarthritis a disease of the elderly?

No. While it is true that the degeneration of the joint cartilage is related to age, osteoarthritis also appears in other groups of people: women over 45, athletes and even young people.

What can I do to improve my joint health?

Avoid modifiable risk factors of the disease, such as obesity, excessively sedentary lifestyle and overloading the joints.

Will losing weight improve my osteoarthritis?

Yes, since reducing the load that your joints have to support will help to remove tension and prevent premature wear.

I am in pain due to osteoarthritis. Should I stop exercising?

We must not overload the joint, although it is not advisable to stop performing physical activity, since this can worsen osteoarthritis and affect the mobility and autonomy of the person. In case of doubt, it is advisable to go to a healthcare professional and ask for advice on which exercises are most appropriate.

Which exercises are the most recommended for osteoarthritis?

Walking, swimming, Nordic Walking, Tai chi, aqua gym or cycling. We should avoid impact sports such as basketball or football.

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“It is a special year for me, and it’s because of you, Doctor Vergés. You do not know how much I am satisfied to have come to meet you and to have followed your advice and to put myself in hands of M. The way you are helping me it’s priceless. I am very grateful and I have no words to thank you. Huge Hug!”

O.H. /  OAFI Patient