What is the difference between arthritis and osteoarthritis?

Arthritis means joint inflammation while osteoarthritis means joint wear and tear. There are many types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects the cartilage, the subchondral bone and the synovial membrane (synovitis) that can often appear with inflammation and may increase with age.

Is osteoarthritis hereditary?

There is a genetic predisposition to suffering from osteoarthritis in some cases. For example, in osteoarthritis that affects the fingers of the hands, there is a specific genetic abnormality that is particularly prevalent in women. Except in these cases, genetic inheritance is a factor that is not to be feared too much.

Does osteoarthritis develop in all people equally?

No, there is no common guideline for all patients and applicable to all. Each person is different. In some people, the disease develops more quickly or its symptoms are more severe than in others.

Is osteoarthritis a disease of the elderly?

No. While it is true that the degeneration of the joint cartilage is related to age, osteoarthritis also appears in other groups of people: women over 45, athletes and even young people.

What can I do to improve my joint health?

Avoid modifiable risk factors for the disease, such as obesity, excessive sedentary lifestyle and joint overload.

Will losing weight improve my osteoarthritis?

Yes, as reducing the load on your joints will help to remove tension and prevent premature wear and tear.

I am in pain due to osteoarthritis. Should I stop exercising?

We must not overload the joint, although it is not advisable to stop performing physical activity either, as this can worsen osteoarthritis and affect the mobility and autonomy of the person. If in doubt, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for advice on which exercises are most suitable.

Which exercises are the most recommended for osteoarthritis?

Walking, swimming, Nordic walking, Tai chi, aqua gym or cycling. Impact sports such as basketball or football should be avoided.

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“It has been a special year for me, and it is because of you, Doctor Vergés. You do not know how happy I am to have come to meet you and to have followed your advice and to put myself in hands of M. The way you are helping me is priceless. I am very grateful and I thank you more than I can express. A very big hug!”

O.H. /  OAFI Patient